Vol. 5, issue 06, article # 7

Kaul B. V., Kuznetsov A. L., Polovtseva E. R. Measurements of backscattering phase matrices of crystalline clouds with a polarization lidar. // Atmospheric and oceanic optics. 1992. V. 5. No. 06. P. 381-383. PDF
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Backscattering phase matrices on four states of polarization of laser radiation were derived from the measured Stokes parameters of scattered radiation. It is shown that anisotropy of scattering is frequently observed in high–altitude clouds and is manifested in the nonzero values of the nondiagonal elements of the backscattering phase matrix.