Vol. 28, issue 08, article # 9

Arshinov M.Yu., Belan B.D., Davydov D.K., Kozlov A.V., Kozlov A.S., Arshinova V.G. Nucleation bursts in the atmosphere over boreal zone in West Siberia. Part II. Formation and growth rates of nanoparticles. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2015. V. 28. No. 08. P. 730–737 [in Russian].
Copy the reference to clipboard
Abstract:

In this paper a number size distribution of atmospheric nanoparticles has been analyzed with a view to estimate particle formation and growth rates during the nucleation bursts observed in the atmospheric surface layer over West Siberia. Estimates showed that during the period from March 2010 to August 2014, inclusively, new particle formation and growth rates ranged from 0.1 to 3.55 cm–3 × s–1 and from 0.26 to 53.04 nm × h–1, respectively. Results of continuous long-term observations recently carried out at two atmospheric monitoring stations located in Siberia point out a similarity of them with the frequency and main characteristics of nucleation bursts recorded in other regions of the boreal belt. Statistical data on nucleation bursts obtained in our region can be used when modeling the climate change and developing methods of their identification on a global scale with the use of satellite data.

Keywords:

nucleation bursts, new particle formation, formation rate, growth rate, nanoparticles

References:

  1. Aitken J.A. On some nuclei of cloudy condensation // Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh. 1998. XXXIX. Pt. I, N 3. P. 15–25.
  2. Kulmala M., Vehkamäki H., Petäjä T., Dal Maso M., Lauri A., Kerminen V.-M., Birmili W., McMurry P.H. Formation and growth rates of ultrafine atmospheric particles: A review of observations // J. Aerosol Sci. 2004. V. 35, N 2. P. 143–176.
  3. Hirsikko A., Nieminen T., Gagné S., Lehtipalo K., Manninen H.E., Ehn M., Hõrrak U., Kerminen V.-M., Laakso L., McMurry P.H., Mirme A., Mirme S., Petäjä T., Tammet H., Vakkari V., Vana M., Kulmala M. Atmospheric ions and nucleation: A review of observations // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2011. V. 11, N 2. P. 767–798.
  4. Suni T., Kulmala M., Hirsikko A., Bergman T., Laakso L., Aalto P.P., Leuning R., Cleugh H., Zegelin S., Hughes D., van Gorsel E., Kitchen M., Vana M., Hõrrak U., Mirme S., Mirme A., Sevanto S., Twining J., Tadros C. Formation and characteristics of ions and charged aerosol particles in a native Australian Eucalypt forest // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2008. V. 8, N 1. P. 129–139.
  5. Vakkari V., Laakso H., Kulmala M., Laaksonen A., Mabaso D., Molefe M., Kgabi N., Laakso L. New particle formation events in semi-clean South African savannah // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2011. V. 11, N 7. P. 3333–3346.
  6. Dal Maso M., Kulmala M., Riipinen I., Wagner R., Hussein T., Aalto P.P., Lehtinen K.E.J. Formation and growth of fresh atmospheric aerosols: Eight years of aerosol size distribution data from SMEAR II, Hyytiälä, Finland // Boreal Environ. Res. 2005. V. 10, N 5. P. 323–336.
  7. Dal Maso M., Sogacheva L., Aalto P., Riipinen I., Komppula M., Tunved P., Korhonen L., Suuruski V., Hirsikko A., Kurten T., Kerminen V., Lihavainen H., Viisanen Y., Hansson H., Kulmala M. Aerosol size distribution measurements at four Nordic field stations: Identification, analysis and trajectories analysis of new particle formation bursts // Tellus B. 2007. V. 59, N 3. P. 350–361.
  8. O'Dowd C.D., Hämeri K., Mäkelä J.M., Kulmala M., Pirjola L., Berresheim H., Jennings S.G., Hansson H.-C., de Leeuw G., Allen A.G., Hewitt C.N., Stroh A., Viisanen Y. A dedicated study of New Particle Formation and Fate in the Coastal Environment (PARFORCE): Overview of objectives and achievements // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2002. V. 107, N 19. P. PAR1-1–PAR1-16. 8108. DOI: 10.1029/2001JD000555.
  9. O'Dowd C.D., Yoon Y.J., Junkerman W., Aalto P., Kulmala M., Lihavainen H., Viisanen Y. Airborne measurements of nucleation mode particles I: Coastal nucleation and growth rates // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2007. V. 7, N 6. P. 1491–1501.
  10. Arshinov M.Ju., Belan B.D., Davydov D.K., Ivlev G.A., Kozlov A.V., Kozlov A.S., Malyshkin S.B., Simonenkov D.V., Antohin P.N. Nukleacionnye vspleski v atmosfere boreal'noj zony Zapadnoj Sibiri. Chast' I. Klassifikacija i povtorjaemost' // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2014. V. 27, N 9. P. 766–774.
  11. Kulmala M., Kerminen V.-M. On the formation and growth of atmospheric nanoparticles // Atmos. Res. 2008. V. 90, N 2–4. P. 132–150.
  12. Vehkamäki H., Dal Maso M., Hussein T., Flanagan R., Hyvärinen A., Lauros J., Merikanto P., Mönkkönen M., Pihlatie K., Salminen K., Sogacheva L., Thum T., Ruuskanen T.M., Keronen P., Aalto P.P., Hari P., Lehtinen K.E.J., Rannik Ü., Kulmala M. Atmospheric particle formation events at Värriö measurement station in Finnish Lapland 1998–2002 // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2004. V. 4, N 7. P. 2015–2023. DOI: 10.5194/acp-4-2015-2004.
  13. Mäkelä J., Aalto J.M., Jokinen P., Pohja V., Nissinen T., Palmroth A., Markkanen S., Seitsonen T., Lihavainen K., Kulmala M. Observations of ultrafine particle formation and growth in boreal forest // Geophys. Res. Lett. 1997. V. 24, N 10. P. 1219–1222.
  14. Kulmala M., Maso M.D., Mäkelä J.M., Pirjola L., Väkevä M., Aalto P., Miikkulainen P., Hämeri K., O'Dowd C.D. On the formation, growth and composition of nucleation mode particles // Tellus B. 2001. V. 53, N 4. P. 479–490.
  15. Weber R.J., Marti J.J., McMurry P.H., Eisele F.L., Tanner D.J., Jefferson A. Measurements of new particle formation and ultrafine particle growth rates at a clean continental site // J. Geophys. Res. D. 1997. V. 102, N 4. P. 4375–4385.
  16. Weber R.J., McMurry P.H., Mauldin L., Tanner D.J., Eisele F.L., Brechtel F.J., Kreidenweis S.M., Kok G.L., Schillawski R.D., Baumgardner D. A study of new particle formation and growth involving biogenic and trace gas species measured during ACE1 // J. Geophys. Res. D. 1998. V. 103, N 13. P. 16385–16396.
  17. Weber R.J., McMurry P.H., Mauldin III R.L., Tanner D.J., Eisele F.L., Clarke A.D., Kapustin V.N. New particle formation in the remote troposhere: A comparison of observations at various sites // Geophys. Res. Lett. 1999. V. 26, N 3. P. 307–310.
  18. Wen J., Zhao Y., Wexler A.S. Marine particle nucleation: Observations at Bodega Bay, California // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2006. V. 111, N 8. D08207. DOI: 10.1029/2005JD0062102006.
  19. Heintzenberg J., Birmili W., Wiedensohler A., Nowak A., Tuch T. Structure, variability and persistence of the submicrometre marine aerosol // Tellus B. 2004. V. 56, N 4. P. 357–367.
  20. Koponen I., Virkkula A., Hillamo R., Kerminen V.-M., Kulmala M. Number size distributions and concentrations of the continental summer aerosols in Queen Maud Land, Antarctica // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2003. V. 108, N 18. 4587. DOI: 10.1029/2002JD002939.
  21. Yue D.L., Hu M., Zhang R.Y., Wang Z.B., Zheng J., Wu Z.J., Wiedensohler A., He L.Y., Huang X.F., Zhu T. The roles of sulfuric acid in new particle formation and growth in the mega-city of Beijing // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2010. V. 10, N 10. P. 4953–4960.
  22. Woo K.S., Chen D.R., Pui D.Y.H., McMurry P.H. Measurements of Atlanta aerosol size distributions: Observations of ultrafine particle events // Aerosol Sci. Technol. 2001. V. 34, N 1. P. 75–87.
  23. Wu Z., Hu M., Liu S., Wehner B., Bauer S., Massling A., Wiedensohler A., Petäjä T., Dal Maso M., Kulmala M. New particle formation in Beijing: Statistical analysis of a 1-year data set // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2007. V. 112, N 9. D09209. DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007406.
  24. Schröder F., Kärcher B., Fiebig M., Petzold A. Aerosol states in the free troposphere at northern midlatitudes // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2002. V. 107, N 21. P. 8126–8133.
  25. Arshinov M.Ju., Belan B.D. Vertikal'noe raspredelenie nanochastic v troposfere kontinental'nogo rajona // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2004. V. 17, N 7. P. 547–557.
  26. Arshinov M.Ju., Belan B.D., Paris J.-D., Zade G.O., Simonenkov D.V. Prostranstvennaja i vremennaja izmenchivost' mikrodispersnoj frakcii ajerozolja (nanochastic) na territorii Sibiri // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2008. V. 21, N 12. P. 1015–1023.
  27. Paris J.-D., Arshinov M.Yu., Ciais P., Belan B.D., Nédélec P. Large-scale aircraft observations of ultra-fine and fine particle concentrations in the remote Siberian troposphere: New particle formation studies // Atmos. Environ. 2009. V. 43, N 6. P. 1302–1309.
  28. Clarke A.D., Eisele F.L., Kapustin V.N., Moore K., Tanner D., Mauldin L., Litchy M., Lienert B., Carrol M.A., Albercook G. Nucleation in the equatorial free troposphere: Favorable environments during PEM-Tropics // J. Geophys. Res. D. 1999. V. 104, N 5. P. 5735–5744.
  29. Clarke A.D., Varner J.L., Eisele F.L., Mauldin R.L., Tanner D., Litchy M. Particle production in the remote marine atmosphere: Cloud outflow and subsidence during ACE1 // J. Geophys. Res. D. 1998. V. 103, N 13. P. 16397–16409.
  30. Twohy C.H., Clement C.F., Gundrud B.W., Weinheimer A.J., Campos T.L., Baumgardner D., Brune W.B., Faloona I., Sachse G.W., Vay S.A., Tan D. Deep convection as a source of new particles in the midlatitude upper troposphere // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2002. V. 107, N 21. 4560. DOI: 10.1029/2001JD000323.
  31. Hamed A., Joutsensaari J., Mikkonen S., Sogacheva L., Dal Maso M., Kulmala M., Cavalli F., Fuzzi S., Facchini M.C., Decesari S., Mircea M., Lehtinen K.E.J., Laaksonen A. Nucleation and growth of new particles in Po Valley, Italy // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2007. V. 7, N 2. P. 355–376.
  32. Heintzenberg J. Properties of the log-normal particle size distribution // Aerosol Sci. Technol. 1994. V. 21, N 1. P. 46–48.
  33. Stolzenburg M.R., McMurry P.H., Sakurai H., Smith J.N., Mauldin III L.R., Eisele F.L., Clement C.F. Growth rates of freshly nucleated atmospheric particles in Atlanta // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2005. V. 110, N 22. P. D22S05.
  34. Verheggen B., Mozurkewich M. An inverse modelling procedure to determine particle growth and nucleation rates from measured aerosol size distributions // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2006. V. 6, N 10. P. 2927–2942.
  35. Heintzenberg J., Wehner B., Birmili W. How to find bananas in the atmospheric aerosol: New approach for analyzing atmospheric nucleation and growth rates // Tellus B. 2007. V. 59, N 2. P. 273–282.
  36. O’Dowd C., Hoell C., Becker E. PARFORCE intensive field campaign results: Particle concentration and low tide // Finnish Association for Aerosol Research. Report Series in Aerosol Science. 2000. V. 48. P. 22–27.
  37. Weber R.J., McMurry P.H., Eisele F.L., Tanner D.J. Measurement of expected nucleation precursor species and 3–500-nm diameter particles at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii // J. Atmos. Sci. 1995. V. 52, N 12. P. 2242–2257.
  38. Sgro L.A., Fernández de la Mora J. A simple turbulent mixing CNC for charged particle detection down to 1.2 nm // Aerosol Sci. Technol. 2004. V. 38, N 1. P. 1–11.
  39. Okuyama K., Kousaka Y., Motouchi T. Condensational growth of ultrafine aerosol particles in new aerosol size magnifier // Aerosol Sci. Technol. 1984. V. 3, N 4. P. 353–366.
  40. Vanhanen J., Mikkilä J., Lehtipalo K., Sipilä M., Manninen H.E., Siivola E., Petäjä T., Kulmala M. Particle size magnifier for nano-CN detection // Aerosol Sci. Technol. 2011. V. 45, N 4. P. 533–542.
  41. Dal Maso M., Hari P., Kulmala M. Spring recovery of photosynthesis and atmospheric particle formation // Boreal Environ. Res. 2009. V. 14, N 4. P. 711–721.
  42. Kulmala M., Arola A., Nieminen T., Riuttanen L., Sogacheva L., de Leeuw G., Kerminen V.-M., Lehtinen K.E.J. The first estimates of global nucleation mode aerosol concentrations based on satellite measurements // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2011. V. 11, N 21. P. 10791–10801.

Back