In this paper we present some results of airborne lidar sounding of a plume from the Gusinoozersk State Regional Power Station. Then this lidar was removed from the aircraft and used for ground–based sounding. It was shown in these experiments that under stable weather conditions the plume is, at least, ten kilometers long. A power of lidar return signals from dry smoke aerosol near the stack mouth, as well as fluctuation and polarization characteristics of these signals are strongly affected by the performance of boilers at the power station. This circumstance allows us to use these characteristics of lidar returns for routine ecological monitoring.