Vol. 31, issue 10, article # 10

Vinogradova A.A., Titkova T.B., Ivanova Yu.A. Passages of anomalies in black carbon surface air concentration at Tiksi station, Yakutiya. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2018. V. 31. No. 10. P. 837–844 [in Russian].
Copy the reference to clipboard
Abstract:

Measurement data (2012–2014) on black carbon (BC) concentration in surface air at International Station Tiksi, placed near the River Lena’s Delta, have been analyzed. We revealed BC concentration variations of different magnitudes and durations. Abnormal high values of BC concentration (more than 1000 ng/m3) are registered rarely, more often in the warm part of a year (May–September), for no longer than two days. The longest episodes are associated with long-range atmospheric transport of combustion products from wildfires. During such episodes with abnormal BC concentrations, the surface air temperature and radiative balance vary noticeably in the surface air. Heat air mass advection from fire zones plays a significant role in forming air temperature field. The air temperature in such episodes may increase up to 10 °C (whereas climatic value for July is 10–11 °C).

Keywords:

atmosphere, black carbon (BC), Arctic, Tiksi, long-range atmospheric transport, BC sources, radiative balance, near surface air temperature

Figures:
References:

   1. Alekseev G.V. Arkticheskoe izmerenie global'nogo potepleniya // Led i Sneg. 2014. V. 54, N 2. P. 53–68.
   2. AMAP Assessment 2015: Black carbon and ozone as Arctic climate forcers. Oslo, Norway: АМАР, 2015. 116 p.
   3. Quinn P.K., Bates T.S., Baum E., Doubleday N., Fiore A.M., Flanner M., Fridlind A., Garrett T.J., Koch D. Short-lived pollutants in the Arctic: Their climate impact and possible mitigation strategies // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2008. V. 8. P. 1723–1735.
   4. Vinogradova A.A., Smirnov N.S., Korotkov V.N., Romanovskaya A.A. Lesnye pozhary v Sibiri i na Dal'nem Vostoke: emissii i atmosfernyj perenos chernogo ugleroda v Arktiku // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2015. V. 28, N 6. P. 438–445; Vinogradovа А.А., Smirnov N.S., Kоrotkov V.N., Rоmаnovskaya А.А. Forest fires in Siberia and the Far East: Emissions and atmospheric transport of black carbon to the Arctic // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2015. V. 28, N 6. P. 566–574.
   5. Hirdman D., Sodemann H., Eckhardt S., Burkhart J.F., Jefferson A., Mefford T., Quinn P.K., Sharma S., Strom J., Stohl A. Source identification of short-lived air pollutants in the Arctic using statistical analysis of measurement data and particle dispersion model output // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2010. V. 10, N 2. P. 669–693.
   6. Cheng M.-D. Geolocating Russian sources for Arctic black carbon // Atmos. Environ. 2014. V. 92, N 4. P. 398–410. DOI: org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.031.
   7. Schmeisser L., Backman J., Ogren J.A., Andrews E., Asmi E., Starkweather S., Uttal T., Fiebig M., Sharma S., Eleftheriadis K., Vratolis S., Bergin M., Tunved P., Jefferson A. Seasonality of aerosol optical properties in the Arctic // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2018. V. 18, N 16. P. 11599–11622.
   8. Tomasi C., Kokhanovsky A., Lupi A., Ritter C., Smirnov A., O'Neill N.T., Stone R.S., Holben B.N., Nyeki S., Wehrli C., Stohl A., Mazzola M., Lanconelli C., Vitale V., Stebel K., Aaltonen V., de Leeuw G., Rodriguez E., Herber B.A., Radionov V.F., Zielinski T., Petelski T., Sakerin S.M., Kabanov D.M., Xue Y., Mei L., Istomina L., Wagener R., McArthur B., Sobolewski P.S., Kivi R., Courcoux Y., Larouche P., Broccardo S., Piketh S.J. Aerosol remote sensing in polar region // Earth-Sci. Rev. 2015. V. 140. P. 108–115. URL: http: // dx.doi.org / 10.1016 / j.earscirev.2014.11.001 (last access: 10.06.2018).
   9. Kopejkin V.M., Repina I.A., Grechko E.I., Ogorodnikov B.I. Izmerenie soderzhaniya sazhevogo aerozolya nad vodnoj poverhnost'yu v YUzhnom i Severnom polushariyah // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2010. V. 23, N 6. P. 444–450; Kоpeikin V.М., Repinа I.A., Grechkо Е.I., Оgorodnikov B.I. Measurements of soot aerosol content in the near-water atmospheric layer in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2010. V. 23, N 6. P. 500–507.
10. Yausheva E.P., Kozlov V.S., Panchenko М.V., Shmargunov V.P. Long-term variability of aerosol and Black Carbon concentrations in the atmospheric surface layer as results of 20-year measurements at the IAO Aerosol Station // Proc. SPIE. 2017. V. 10466. P. 10466 3I.
11. Golitsyn G.S., Grechko E.I., Van Genchen, Van Pusaj, Dzhola A.V., Emilenko A.S., Kopejkin V.M., Rakitin V.S., Safronov A.N., Fokeeva E.V. Issledovanie zagryazneniya atmosfery Moskvy i Pekina okis'yu ugleroda i aerozolem // Izv. RAN. Fiz. atmosf. i okeana. 2015. V. 51, N 1. P. 8–19.
12. Emilenko A.S., Kopejkin V.M. Sravnenie sinhronnyh izmerenij kontsentratsii sazhi i submikronnogo aerozolya v regionah s razlichnoj stepen'yu antropogennoj nagruzki // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2009. V. 22, N 6. P. 535–540; Еmilenkо А.S., Kоpeikin V.М. Comparison of synchronous measurements of soot and submicron aerosol concentrations in region with different anthropogenic loadings // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2009. V. 22, N 4. P. 421–427.
13. Shevchenko V.P., Starodymova D.P., Vinogradova A.A., Lisitsyn A.P., Makarov V.N., Popova S.A., Sivonen V.V., Sivonen V.P. Elementnyj i organicheskij uglerod v atmosfernom aerozole nad severo-zapadnym poberezh'em Kandalakshskogo zaliva Belogo morya // Dokl. RAN. 2015. V. 461, N 1. P. 70–74.
14. Backman J., Schmeisser L., Virkkyla A., Ogren J.A., Asmi E., Starkweather S., Sharma S., Eleftheriadis K., Uttal T., Jefferson A., Bergin M., Makshtas A., Tunved P., Fiebig M. On Aethalometer measurement uncertainties and multiple scattering correction factor for the Arctic // Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2017. V. 10. P. 5039–5062. DOI: 10.5194/amt-10-5039-2017.
15. Asmi E., Kondratyev V., Brus D., Laurila T., Lihavainen H., Backman J., Vakkari V., Aurela M., Hatakka J., Viisanen Y., Uttal T., Ivakhov V., Makshtas A. Aerosol size distribution seasonal characteristics measured in Tiksi, Russian Arctic // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2016. V. 16. P. 1271–1287. DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-1271-2016.
16. Vinogradova A.A., Vasil'eva A.V. Model'nye otsenki kontsentratsii chernogo ugleroda v prizemnom vozduhe severnyh rajonov Rossii // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2017. V. 30, N 6. P. 467–475; Vinogradovа А.А., Vаsilevaа А.V. Black carbon in air over northern regions of Russia: Sources and spatiotemporal variations // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2017. V. 30, N 6. P. 533–541.
17. Draxler R.R., Hess G.D. An overview of the HYSPLIT_4 modelling system for trajectories // Aust. Meteorol. Mag. 1998. V. 47, N 4. P. 295–308.
18. Fukasawa T., Ohta S., Murao N., Yamagata S., Makarov V.N. Aerosol observations in the Siberian Arctic // Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Meteorol. Glaciol. 1997. V. 11. P. 150–160.
19. Vinogradova A.A. Distantsionnaya otsenka vliyaniya zagryazneniya atmosfery na udalennye territorii // Geofizicheskie protsessy i biosfera. 2014. V. 13, N 4. P. 5–20.
20. Limon-Sanchez M.T., Carbajal-Romero P., Hernandez-Mena L., Saldarriaga-Norena H., Lopez-Lopez A., Cosio-Ramirez R., Arriaga-Colina J.L., Smith W. Black carbon in PM2.5, data from two urban sites in Guadalajara, Mexico during 2008 // Atmos. Pollut. Res. 2011. V. 2. P. 358–365.
21. Samsonov Yu.N., Popova S.A., Belenko O.A., Chankina O.V. Himicheskij sostav i dispersnye harakteristiki dymovoj aerozol'noj emissii ot pozharov v boreal'nyh lesah Sibiri // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2008. V. 21, N 6. P. 523–531.
22. Gorchakov G.I., Sitnov S.A., Sviridenkov M.A., Semoutnikova E.G., Emilenko A.S., Isakov A.A., Kopeikin V.M., Karpov A.V., Gorchakova I.A., Verichev K.S., Kurbatov G.A., Ponomareva T.Ya. Satellite and ground-based monitoring of smoke in the atmosphere during the summer wildfires in European Russia in 2010 and Siberia in 2012 // Int. J. Remote Sens. 2014. V. 35, N 15. P. 5698–5721.
 

Back