Vol. 30, issue 11, article # 10

Belan B.D., Savkin D.E., Tolmachev G.N. Generation of ozone in the surface air layer versus air temperature. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2017. V. 30. No. 11. P. 971–979 [in Russian].
Copy the reference to clipboard
Abstract:

The temperature dependence of the atmospheric ozone generation rate on the air temperature is studied on the basis of measurement data in a background area. The type of this dependence is ascertained by the method based on the comparison of variations in the ozone concentration when waves of heat and cold pass through the measurement site. This approach allowed us to derive the quantitative, but not qualitative, dependence for the first time. The coefficients of the expression depend on both the air temperature and initial ozone concentration. Thus, at a long-term minimum of surface ozone concentration (1999) at a temperature of 30 °C, its change by 1 °C corresponds to the increase in the ozone concentration of 5 mg/m3. At a maximum of concentration (2001) at the same temperature, the increase can make nearly 25 mg/m3 per 1 °C. In the intermediate periods (1997 and 2010), it is about 14 mg/m3 per 1 °C. The analysis shows that this dependence is quadratic due to a nonlinear increase in the constants of reactions and quadratic increase in the hydrocarbon emissions by vegetation with the air temperature.

Keywords:

atmosphere, air, dependence, ozone, surface air layer, temperature

References:

  1. Monks P.S, Archibald A.T., Colette A., Cooper O., Coyle M., Derwent R., Fowler D., Granier C., Law K.S., Mills G.E., Stevenson D.S., Tarasova O., Thouret V., von Schneidemesser E., Sommariva R., Wild O., Williams M.L. Tropospheric ozone and its precursors from the urban to the global scale from air quality to short-lived climate forcer // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2015. V. 15, N 15. P. 8889–8973.
  2. Pavón-Domínguez P., Jiménez-Hornero F.J., Gutiérrez de Ravé E. Proposal for estimating ground-level ozone concentrations at urban areas based on multivariate statistical methods // Atmos. Environ. 2014. V. 90. P. 59–70.
  3. Pao-Wen Grace Liu, Jiun-Horng Tsai, Hsin-Chih Lai, Der-Min Tsai, Li-Wei Li. Establishing multiple regression models for ozone sensitivity analysis to temperature variation in Taiwan // Atmos. Environ. 2013. V. 79. P. 225–235.
  4. Otero N., Sillmann J., Schnell J.L., Rust H.W., Butler T. Synoptic and meteorological drivers of extreme ozone concentrations over Europe // Environ. Res. Lett. 2016. V. 11. Р. 024005.
  5. Gvozdić V., Kovač-Andrić E., Brana J. Influence of meteorological factors NO2, SO2, CO and PM10 on the concentration of O3 in the urban atmosphere of Eastern Croatia // Environ. Model. Assess. 2011. V. 16, N 5. P. 491–501.
  6. Silva A.A., Tomaz L.M. Surface ozone concentrations and local cloud cover at an urban, tropical site in the Southern Hemisphere // J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 2013. V. 105–106. P. 54–60.
  7. Monache L.D., Hacher J.P., Zhou Y., Deng X., Stull R.B. Probabilistic aspect of meteorological and ozone regional ensemble forecasts // J. Geophys. Res. 2006. V. 111. P. D24307. DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006917.
  8. Krupa S., Nosal M., Ferdinand J.A., Stevenson R.E., Skelly J.M. A multi-variate stratistical model integrating passive sampler and meteorology data to predict the frequency distribution of hourly ambient ozone (O3) concentrations // Environ. Pollut. 2003. V. 124, N 1. P. 173–178.
  9. Blond N., Vautard R. Three-dimensional ozone analyses and their use for short-term ozone forecast // J. Geophys. Res. 2004. V. 109. P. D17303. DOI: 10.1029/2004JD004515.
  10. Monache L.D., Nipen T., Deng X., Zhou Y., Stull R. Ozone ensemble forecasts: 2. A Kalman Filter Predictor bias correction // J. Geophys. Res. 2006. V. 111. P. D05308. DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006311.
  11. Chelani A.B. Prediction of daily maximum ground ozone concentration using support vector machine // Environ. Monit. Assess. 2010. V. 162, N 1–4. P. 169–176.
  12. Brunelli U., Piazza V., Pignato L., Sorbello F., Vitabile S. Two-days ahead prediction Palermo, Italy // Atmos. Environ. 2007. V. 41, N 14. P. 2967–2995.
  13. Cobourn W.G. Accuracy and reliability of an automated air quality forecast system for ozone in seven Kentucky metropolitan area // Atmos. Environ. 2007. V. 41, N 28. P. 5863–5875.
  14. Zvjagincev A.M., Kruchenicki  G.M. Ob jempiricheskoj modeli prizemnoj koncentracii ozona vblizi Moskvy (g. Dolgoprudnyj) // Izv. RAN. Fiz. atmosf. i okeana. 1996. Т. 32, N 1. P. 96–100.
  15. Zvjagincev A.M., Kruchenicki  G.M. Prizemnaja koncentracija ozona v okrestnostjah Moskvy v 1991–1999 years. // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2000. V. 13, N 2. P. 175–178.
  16. Shalygina I.Ju., Kuznecova I.N., Nahaev M.I., Lezina E.A., Zvjagincev A.M. O prognozirovanii prizemnogo ozona v bol'shom gorode (na primere Moskvy) // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2007. Т. 20, № 7. С. 651–658.
  17. Zvjagincev A.M. Statisticheskoe prognozirovanie koncentracii prizemnogo ozona v g. Moskva // Meteorol. i gidrol. 2008. № 8. С. 49–59.
  18. Zvjagincev A.M., Belikov I.B., Elanskij N.F., Kakadzhanova G.B., Kuznecova I.N., Tarasova O.A., Shalygina I.Ju. Statisticheskoe modelirovanie maksimal'nyh sutochnyh koncentracij prizemnogo ozona // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2010. V. 23, N 2. P. 127–135; Zvyagintsev А.М., Bеlikov I.B., Еlаnskii N.F., Kаkаdzhanova G.B., Kuznetsova I.N., Таrаsоvа О.А., Shаlygina I.Yu. Statistical modeling of daily maximum surface ozone concentrations // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2010. V. 23, N 4. P. 284–292.
  19. Antohin P.N., Belan B.D., Savkin D.E., Tolmachev G.N. Sravnenie razlichnyh metodov statisticheskogo prognozirovanija sutochnoj dinamiki prizemnoj koncentracii ozona // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2013. V. 26, N 12. P. 1082–1089.
  20. Zajahanov A.S., Zhamsueva G.S., Cydypov V.V., Bal'zhanov T.S. Rezul'taty monitoringa prizemnogo ozona v atmosfere g. Ulan-Udje // Meteorol. i gidrol. 2013. N 12. P. 76–84.
  21. Jasaitis D., Vasiliauskien V., Chadyšien R., Peciuliene M. Surface ozone concentration and its relationship with UV radiation, meteorological parameters and Radon on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea // Atmosphere. 2016. V. 7, N 27. DOI: 10.3390/atmos7020027.
  22. Toh Y.Y., Lim S.F., von Glasow R. The influence of meteorological factors and biomass burning on surface ozone concentrations at Tanah Rata, Malaysia // Atmos. Environ. 2013. V. 70. P. 435–446.
  23. Yerramsetti V.S., Navlur N.G., Rapolu V., Dhulipala N.S.K.C., Sinha P.R., Srinavasan S., Anupoju G.R. Role of nitrogen oxides, black carbon, and meteorological parameters on the variation of surface ozone levels at a tropical urban site – Hyderabad, India // CLEAN: Soil, Air, Water. 2013. V. 41, N 3. P. 215–225.
  24. Tereb N.V., Milehin L.I., Milehin V.L., Gnilomedov V.D., Nechaev D.R., Kulizhnikova L.K., Shirotov V.V. Soderzhanie prizemnogo ozona v uslovijah anomal'nogo leta 2010 year po izmerenijam v g. Obninsk // Meteorol. i gidrol. 2013. N 5. P. 14–25.
  25. Zlatev Z. Impact of future climatic changes on high ozone levels in European suburban areas // Clim. Change. 2010. V. 101, N 3–4. P. 447–483.
  26. Isaksen I.S.A., Berntsen T.K., Dalsøren S.B., Eleftheratos K., Orsolini Y., Rognerud B., Stordal F., Søvde O.A., Zerefos C., Holmes C.D. Atmospheric ozone and methane in a changing climate // Atmosphere. 2014. V. 5, N 3. P. 518–535.
  27. Zvjagincev A.M., Bljum O.B., Glazkova A.A., Kotel'nikov S.N., Kuznecova I.N., Lapchenko V.A., Lezina E.A., Miller  E.A., Miljaev V.A., Popikov A.P., Semutnikova E.G., Tarasova O.A., Shalygina I.Ju. Zagrjaznenie vozduha na Evropejskoj chasti Rossii i Ukraine v uslovijah zharkogo leta 2010 year // Izv. RAN. Fiz. atmosf. i okeana. 2011. V. 47, N 6. P. 757–766.
  28. Dear K., Ranmuthugala G., Kjellström T., Skinner C., Hanigan I. Effects of temperature and ozone on daily mortality during the August 2003 heat wave in France // Arch. Environ. Occup. Health. 2005. V. 60, N 4. P. 205–212.
  29. Ren C., Williams G.M., Morawska L., Mengersen K., Tong S. Ozone modifies associations between temperature and cardiovascular mortality: Analysis of the NMMAPS data // Occup. Environ. Med. 2008. V. 65. P. 255–260.
  30. Melkonyan A., Wagner P. Ozone and its projection in regard to climate change // Atmos. Environ. 2013. V. 67. P. 287–295.
  31. Varotsos K.V., Tombrou M., Giannakopoulos C. Statistical estimations of the number of future ozone exceedances due to climate change in Europe // J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 2013. V. 118, N 12. P. 6080–6099.
  32. Cooper O.R., Gao R.-S., Tarasick D., Leblanc T., Sweeney C. Long-term ozone trends at rural ozone monitorring sites across the United States, 1990–2010 // J. Geophys. Res. 2012. V. 117. P. D22307. DOI: 10.1029/2012JD018261.
  33. Rasmussen D.J., Fiore A.M., Naik V., Horowitz L.W., McGinnis S.J., Schultz M.G. Surface ozone-temperature relationships in the eastern US: A monthly climatology for evaluating chemistry-climate models // Atmos. Environ. 2012. V. 47. P. 142–153.
  34. Yadav R., Sahu L.K., Beig G., Jaaffrey S.N.A. Role of long-range transport and local meteorology in seasonal variation of surface ozone and its precursors at an urban site in India // Atmos. Res. 2016. V. 176–177. P. 96–107.
  35. Shen L., Mickley L.J., Gilleland E. Impact of increa-sing heat waves on U.S. ozone episodes in the 2050s: Results from a multimodel analysis using extreme value theory // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2016. V. 43, N 8. P. 4017–4025.
  36. Im U., Markakis K., Poupkou A., Melas D., Unal A., Gerasopoulos E., Daskalakis N., Kindap T., Kanakidou M. The impact of temperature changes on summer time ozone and its precursors in the Eastern Mediterranean // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2011. V. 11, N 8. P. 3847–3864.
  37. Gunthe S.S., Beig G., Sahu L.K. Study of relationship between daily maxima in ozone and temperature in an urban site in India // Curr. Sci. 2016. V. 110, N 10. P. 1994–1999.
  38. Lee Y.C., Shindell D.T., Faluvegi G., Wenig M., Lam Y.F., Ning Z., Hao S., Lai C.S. Increase of ozone concentrations, its temperature sensitivity and the precursor factor in South China // Tellus B. 2014. V. 66. P. 23455. DOI: 10.3402/tellusb.v66.23455.
  39. Munir S., Habeebullah T.M., Ropkins K., Seroji A.R. Modelling ozone-temperature slope under atypically high temperature in arid climatic conditions of Makkah, Saudi Arabia // Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 2015. V. 15, N 4. P. 1281–1290.
  40. Atkinson R., Baulch D.L., Cok R.A., Crowley J.N., Hampson R.F., Hynes R.G., Jenkin M.E., Rossi M.J., Troe J. Evaluated kinetic and Photochemical data for atmocpheric chemistry; Volume 1–gas phase reactions of Ox, HOx, NOx and SOx species // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2004. V. 4, N 6. P. 1461–1738.
  41. Isidorov V.A. Letuchie vydelenija rastenij: sostav, skorost' jemissii i jekologicheskaja rol'. SPb.: Alga, 1994. 188 p.
  42. Chih-Chung Chang, Jia-Lin Wang, Shih-Chun Candice Lung, Chih-Yuan Chang, Po-Ju Lee, Clock Chew, Wei-Cheng Liao, Wei-Nai Chen, Chang-Feng Ou-Yang. Sea-sonal characteristics of biogenic and anthropogenic isoprene in tropicalesubtropical urban environments // Atmos. Environ. 2014. V. 99. P. 298–308.
  43. Brilli F., Gioli B., Zona D., Pallozzi E., Zenone T., Fratini G., Calfapietra C., Loreto F., Janssens I.A., Ceulemans R. Simultaneous leaf- and ecosystem-level fluxes of volatile organic compounds from a poplar-based SRC plantation // Agric. For. Meteorol. 2014. V. 187. P. 22–35.
  44. Park J.-H., Fares S., Weber R., Goldstein A.H. Biogenic volatile organic compound emissions during BEARPEX 2009 measured by eddy covariance and flux–gradient similarity methods // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2014. V. 14, N 1. P. 231–244.
  45. Bourtsoukidis E., Williams J., Kesselmeier J., Jacobi S., Bonn B. From emissions to ambient mixing ratios: Online seasonal field measurements of volatile organic compounds over a Norway spruce-dominated forest in central Germany // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2014. V. 14, N 13. P. 6495–6510.
  46. Curci G., Beekmann M., Vautard R., Smiatek G., Steinrecher R., Theloke J., Friedrich R. Modelling study of the impact of isoprene and terpene biogenic emissions on European ozone levels // Atmos. Environ. 2009. V. 43, N 7. P. 1444–1455.
  47. Monteiro A., Strunk A., Carvalho A., Tchepel O., Miranda A.I., Borrego C., Saavedra S., Rodriguez A., Souto J., Casares J., Friese E., Elbern H. Investigating a high ozone episode in a rural mountain site // Environ. Pollut. 2012. V. 162, N 1–4. P. 176–189.
  48. Cristofanelli P., Scheel H.-E., Steinbacher M., Saliba M., Azzopardi F., Ellul R., Frohlich M., Tositti L., Brattich E., Maione M., Calzolari F., Duchi R., Landi T.C., Marinoni A., Bonasoni P. Long-term surface ozone variability at Mt. Cimone WMO/GAW global station (2165 m a.s.l., Italy) // Atmos. Environ. 2015. V. 101. P. 23–33.
  49. Vieno M., Dore A.J., Stevenson D.S., Doherty R., Heal M.R., Reis S., Hallsworth S., Tarrason L., Wind P., Fowler D., Simpson D., Sutton M.A. Modelling surface ozone during the 2003 heat-wave in the UK // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2010. V. 10, N 16. P. 7963–7978.
  50. Belan B.D., Savkin D.E., Tolmachev G.N. Zavisimost' obrazovanija ozona ot temperatury v prizemnom sloe vozduha // Tez. dokl. XXII Rabochej gruppy «Ajerozoli Sibiri». Tomsk: Izd-vo IOA SO RAN, 2015. P. 17.
  51. Arshinov M.Ju., Belan B.D., Zuev V.V., Zuev V.E., Kovalevskij V.K., Ligotskij A.V., Meleshkin  V.E., Panchenko M.V., Pokrovskij E.V., Rogov A.N., Simonenkov D.V., Tolmachev G.N. TOR-stancija monitoringa atmosfernyh parametrov // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 1994. V. 7, N 8. P. 1085–1092.
  52. Belan B.D., Skljadneva T.K., Tolmachev G.N. Rezul'taty 10-letnego monitoringa koncentracii troposfernogo ozona v rajone Tomska // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2000. V. 13, N 9. P. 826–832.
  53. Arshinov M.Ju., Belan B.D., Zuev  V.B., Krasnov O.A., Pirogov V.A., Skljadneva T.K., Tolmachev G.N. Mnogoletnie variacii prizemnoj koncentracii ozona kak otrazhenie solnechnoj aktivnosti // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2002. V. 15, N 11. P. 987–992.
  54. Arshinova V.G., Belan B.D., Rasskazchikova T.M., Rogov A.N., Tolmachev G.N. Izmenenie koncentracii ozona v prizemnom sloe vozduha pri prohozhdenii atmosfernyh frontov // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 1995. V. 8, N 4. P. 625–631.
  55. Antohin P.N., Arshinov M.Ju., Belan B.D., Skljadneva T.K., Tolmachev G.N. Mnogoletnjaja izmenchivost' koncentracii ozona i ajerozolja v prizemnom sloe atmosfery i prognoz ee izmenenija na osnovanii predskazannogo v 24 cikle urovnja solnechnoj aktivnosti // Solnechno-zemnaja fizika. 2012. N 21(134). P. 46–50.
  56. Belan B.D. Ozon v troposfere. Tomsk: Izd-vo IOA SO RAN, 2010. 488 p.
  57. Belan B.D., Skljadneva T.K. Troposfernyj ozon. 4. Fotohimicheskoe obrazovanie troposfernogo ozona: rol' solnechnoj radiacii // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2008. V. 21, N 10. P. 858–868.
  58. Belan B.D., Ivlev G.A., Skljadneva T.K. Mnogoletnij monitoring summarnoj i ul'trafioletovoj (V) radiacii v rajone Tomska // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2012. V. 25, N 1. P. 61–65; Bеlan B.D., Ivlev G.А., Sklyadnevа Т.K. Long-term monitoring of total and UV–B radiation in Tomsk // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2012. V. 25, N 4. P. 281–285.
  59. Belan B.D., Zuev V.V., Skljadneva T.K., Smirnov S.V., Tolmachev G.N. O roli summarnogo ozona v fotohimicheskom obrazovanii ego troposfernoj chasti // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2000. V. 13, N 10. P. 928–932.
  60. Antohin P.N., Belan B.D. Regulirovanie dinamiki troposfernogo ozona cherez stratosferu // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2012. V. 25, N 10. P. 890–895; Аntokhin P.N., Bеlan B.D. Control of the dynamics of tropospheric ozone through the stratosphere // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2013. V. 26, N 3. P. 207–213.
  61. Belan B.D. Troposfernyj ozon. 3. Soderzhanie ozona v troposfere. Mehanizmy i faktory, ego opredeljajushhie // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2008. V. 21, N 7. P. 600–618.
  62. Bauer D., D’Ottone L., Hynes A.J. O1D quantum yields from photolysis in the near UV region O3 between 305 and 375 nm // Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2000. V. 2. P. 1421–1424.
  63. Benas N., Mourtzanou E., Kouvarakis G., Bais A., Mihalopoulos N., Vardavas I. Surface ozone photolysis rate trends in the Eastern Mediterranean: Modeling the effects of aerosols and total column ozone based on Terra MODIS data // Atmos. Environ. 2013. V. 74. P. 1–9.
  64. Matsumi Y., Comes F.J., Hancock G., Hofzumahaus A., Hynes A.J., Kawasaki M., Ravishankara A.R. Quantum yields for production of O(1D) in the ultraviolet photolysis of ozone: Recommendation based on evaluation of laboratory data // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2002. V. 107, N 3. P. 4024. DOI: 10.1029/2001JD000510.
  65. Belan B.D. Troposfernyj ozon. 7. Stoki ozona v troposfere // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2010. V. 23, N 2. P. 108–127.
  66. Belan B.D. Troposfernyj ozon. 5. Gazy – predshestvenniki ozona // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2009. V. 22, N 3. P. 230–268.
  67. Belan B.D. Troposfernyj ozon. 6. Komponenty ozonovyh ciklov // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2009. V. 22, N 4. P. 358–379.

Back