Vol. 28, issue 03, article # 12

Leonovich L.A., Tashchcilin A.V., Leonovich V.A. The 557.7 and 630-nm atomic oxygen emission responses to sharp solar wind variations. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2015. V. 28. No. 03. P. 278-282 [in Russian].
Copy the reference to clipboard

The paper presents the study of the 557.7 and 630-nm atomic oxygen emission responses to sharp variations in solar wind parameters, caused by shocks. The optical and geomagnetic data of the Eastern Siberia and interplanetary magnetic field and solar wind data were used for the analysis. It has been found that the considered emission intensity was increased for some cases, whereas in other cases there were no responses during sudden sharp variations in solar wind plasma speed and density. It has been shown that the presence or absence of the responses in the emissions was not related to the disturbance amplitude of the solar wind parameters. It has been suggested that the emission intensity increase could be caused by the electrons precipitation from the magnetic trap during interaction between the solar wind shock and magnetosphere.


ionospheric disturbance, airglow, geomagnetic storm


  1. Leonovich A.S., Mazur V.A. Resonance excitation of standing Alfven waves in an axisymmetric magnetosphere (monochromatic oscillations) // Planet. Space Sci. 1989. V. 37, N 9. P. 1095–1108.
  2. Meurant M., Gérard J.-C., Hubert B., Coumans V., Blockx C., Ostgaard N., Mende S.B. Dynamics of global scale electron and proton precipitation induced by a solar wind pressure pulse // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2003. V. 30, N 20. P. 2032. DOI: 10.1029/2003GL018017.
  3. Sastri J.H., Huang Y.N., Shibata T., Okuzawa T. Response of equatorial-low latitude ionosphere to sudden expansion of magnetosphere // Geophys. Res. Lett. 1995. V. 22, N 19. P. 2649–2652.
  4. Ikeda A., Yumoto K., Shinohara M., Nozaki K., Yoshikawa A., Shinbori A. SC-associated Ionospheric Electric Fields at Low Latitude: FM-CW Radar Observation // Earth Planet. Sci. 2008. V. XXXII, N 1. P. 1–6.
  5. Afraimovich E.L., Kosogorov E.A., Leonovich L.A. The use of the international GPS network as the global detector GLOBDET simultaneously observing sudden ionospheric disturbances // Earth, Planets Space. 2000. V. 52, N 11. P. 1077–1082.
  6. Afraimovich E.L., Kosogorov E.A., Leonovich L.A., Lesyuta O.S., Ushakov I.I. Novel technology for detecting atmospheic disturbances using GPS. Instantaneous response of the ionosphere to a sudden commencement of the strong magnetic storms // Adv. Space Res. 2001. V. 27, N 6–7. P. 1345–1350.
  7. Afraimovich E.L., Lesyuta O.S. Instantaneous global ionospheric response to a sudden commencement of the strong magnetic storms // Proc. Int. Beacon Satellite Sympos. June 4–6. 2001. Boston College Institute for Scientic Research, Chestnut Hill. MA. USA. 2001. P. 413–417.
  8. Mihalev A.V., Leonovich L.A., Kostyleva N.V., Leonovich V.A., Mishin V.V. Otklik sredneshirotnogo izluchenija verhnej atmosfery na nachal'nuju fazu magnitnyh bur' // Solnechno-zemnaja fizika. 2012. Issue 20. P. 116–120.
  9. Shiokawa K., Ogawa T., Kamide Y. Low-latitude auroras observed in Japan: 1999–2004 // J. Geophys. Res. 2005. V. 110. A05202. DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010706.
  10. Mihalev A.V. Jarkost' nochnogo neba i sobstvennoe izluchenie verhnej atmosfery v regione Vostochnoj Sibiri posle padenija Cheljabinskogo meteorita // Solnechno-zemnaja fizika. 2014. Issue 24. P. 54–57.
  11. Fishkova L.M. Nochnoe izluchenie sredneshirotnoj verhnej atmosfery Zemli. Tbilisi: Mecniereba, 1983. 270 p.
  12. Bates D.R. Forbidden oxygen and oxygen lines in the nightglow // Planet. Space Sci. 1978. V. 26, N 10. P. 897–912.
  13. Chapman S. The absorption and dissociative or ionizing effect of monochromatic radiation in an atmosphere on a rotating earth. Part II. Grazing incidence // Proc. Phys. Soc. 1931. V. 43, N 26. P. 483–501.
  14. Barth C.A., Hildebrandt A.F. The 5577 Å airglow emission mechanism // J. Geophys. Res. 1961. V. 66, N 3. P. 985–986.
  15. Bates D.R. Airglow and auroras // Appl. Atomic Collision Phys. N.Y.: Academic Press, 1982. V. 1. P. 149–224.
  16. Gulledge I.S., Packer D.M., Tilford S.G., Vanderslice J.T. Intensity profiles of the 6300-Å and 5577-Å OI lines in the night airglow // J. Geophys. Res. 1968. V. 73, N 17. ла. 5535–5547. DOI: 10.1029/JA073i017.
  17. Spann J.F., Brittnacher M., Elsen R., Germany G.A., Parks G.K. Initial response and complex polar cap structures of the aurora in response to the January 10, 1997 magnetic cloud // Geophys. Res. Lett. 1998. V. 25, N 14. P. 2577–2580.
  18. Chua D., Parks G., Brittnacher M., Peria W., Germany G., Spann J., Carlson C. Energy characteristics of auroral electron precipitation: A comparison of substorms and pressure pulse related auroral activity // J. Geophys. Res. A. 2001. V. 106, N 4. P. 5945–5956.
  19. Li W., Thorne R.M., Bortnik J., Nishimura Y., Angelopoulos V., Chen L., McFadden J.P., Bonnel J.W. Global distributions of suprathermal electrons observed on THEMIS and potential mechanisms for access into the plasmasphere // J. Geophys. Res. 2010. V. 115, N 12. A00J10. DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015687.
  20. Maynard N.C., Chen A.J. Isolated cold plasma regions: Observations and their relation to possible production mechanisms // J. Geophys. Res. 1975. V. 80, N 3. P. 1009–1013.
  21. Korth H., Thomsen M.F., Borovsky J.E., McComas D.J. Plasma sheet access to geosynchronous orbit // J. Geophys. Res. A. 1999. V. 104, N 11. P. 25047–25061. DOI: 10.1029/1999JA900292.
  22. Friedel R.H.W., Korth H., Henderson M.G., Thomsen M.F., Scudder J.D. Plasma sheet access to the inner magnetosphere // J. Geophys. Res. A. 2001. V. 106, N 4. P. 5845–5858. DOI: 10.1029/2000JA003011.
  23. Rowland D.E., Wygant J.R. Dependence of the large-scale inner magnetospheric electric field on geomagnetic activity // J. Geophys. Res. A. 1998. V. 103, N 7. P. 14959–14964. DOI: 10.1029/97JA0352.
  24. Lazutin L.L. Mirovye i poljarnye magnitnye buri / Pod red. Ju.I. Logacheva. M.: Izd-vo MGU, 2012. 214 p. URL: http://www.kosmofizika.ru/kniga.htm.
  25. Goertz C.K. Kinetic Alfvén waves on auroral field lines // Planet. Space Sci. 1984. V. 32, N 11. P. 1387–1392.