Vol. 27, issue 10, article # 3

Korshunov V.A., Zubachev D.S., Merzlyakov E.G., Jacobi Christoph. Results of determination of the middle atmosphere aerosol characteristics by means of two wavelengths lidar sensing and comparison with meteor radio echo measurements. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2014. V. 27. No. 10. P. 862–868 [in Russian].
Copy the reference to clipboard
Abstract:

Aerosol lidar sensing of the middle atmosphere (30–65 km) was fulfilled in Obninsk within a year. Two wavelengths sensing at 355 and 532 nm enabled the separation of Rayleigh and aerosol scattering inputs to lidar signals. An increased aerosol content is found within 60–65 km range. Monthly average data of lidar sensing are compared with measurements of the meteor radio echo number in Obninsk and Kollm (Germany). The correspondence of time dependences between two kinds of data is revealed, that indicates the meteor origin of aerosol. Possible physical mechanisms responsible for the appearance of the aerosol layer observed are discussed.

Keywords:

middle atmosphere, lidar, meteoritic dust, meteor smoke, meteor radio echo

References:

1. Plane J.M.C. Cosmic dust in the Earth’s atmosphere // Chem. Soc. Rev. 2012. V. 41, N 19. P. 6507–6518.
2. Mikirov A.E., Smerkalov V.A. Issledovanie rassejannogo izluchenija verhnej atmosfery Zemli. L.: Gidrometeoizdat, 1981. 208 p.
3. Filippov V.A. Lazerno-lokacionnye issledovanija meteornyh sledov i vnutrennih gravitacionnyh voln: Avtoref. dis. … kand. fiz.-mat. nauk. Respublika Kazahstan. Almaty, 2010. 17 p.
4. Kent G.S., Sandford M.C.W., Keenliside W. Laser radar observations of dust from comet Bennett // J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 1971. V. 33, N 8. P. 1257–1262.
5. Renard J.-B., Brogniez C., Berthet G., Bourgeois Q., Gaubicher B., Chartier M., Balois J.-Y., Verwaerde C., Auriol F., Francois P., Daugeron D., Engrand C. Vertical distribution of the different types of aerosols in the stratosphere: Detection of solid particles and analysis of their spatial variability // J. Geophys. Res. 2008. V. 113. D21303. DOI: 10.1029/2008JD010150.
6. Renard J.-B., Berthet G., Salazar V., Catoire V., Tagger M., Gaubicher B., Robert C. In situ detection of aerosol layers in the middle stratosphere // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2010. V. 37, iss. 20. L20803. DOI: 10.1029/2010GL044307.
7. Hunten D.M., Turco R.P., Toon O.B. Smoke and dust particles of meteoric origin in the mesosphere and stratosphere // J. Atmos. Sci. 1980. V. 37, N 6. P. 1342–1357.
8. Megner L., Siskind D.E., Rapp M., Gumbel J. Global and temporal distribution of meteoric smoke: A two dimensional simulation study // J. Geophys. Res. 2008. V. 113. D03202. DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009054.
9. Bardeen C.G., Toon O.B., Jensen E.J., Marsh D.R., Harvey V.L. Numerical simulations of the three-dimensional distribution of meteoric dust in the mesosphere and upper stratosphere // J. Geophys. Res. 2008. V. 113. D17202. DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009515.
10. Hervig M.E., Gordley L.L., Deaver L.E., Siskind D.E., Stevens M.H., Russell J.M., III, Bailey S.M., Megner L., Bardeen C.G. First satellite observations of meteoric smoke in the middle atmosphere // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2009. V. 3. L18805. DOI: 10.1029/2009GL039737.
11. English J.M., Toon O.B., Mills M.J., Yu F. Microphysical simulations of new particle formation in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2011. V. 11. P. 9303–9322. DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-9303-2011.
12. Bychkov V.V., Marichev V.N. Obrazovanie vodnyh ajerozolej v verhnej stratosfere v periody zimnego anomal'nogo pogloshhenija radiovoln v ionosfere // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2008. V. 21, N 3. P. 248–255.
13. Bychkov V.V., Perezhogin A.S., Perezhogin A.S., Shevcov B.M., Marichev V.N., Matvienko G.G., Belov A.S., Cheremisin A.A. Lidarnye nabljudenija pojavlenija ajerozolej v srednej atmosfere Kamchatki v 2007–2011 years. // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2012. V. 25, N 1. P. 87–93.
14. Cheremisin A.A., Novikov P.V., Shnipov I.S., Bychkov V.V., Shevcov B.M. Lidarnye nabljudenija i mehanizm formirovanija struktury ajerozol'nyh sloev v stratosfere i mezosfere nad Kamchatkoj // Geomagnet. i ajeronom. 2012. V. 52, N 5. P. 690–700.
15. Ivanov V.N., Zubachev D.S., Korshunov V.A., Lapshin V.B., Ivanov M.S., Galkin K.A., Gubko P.A., Antonov D.L., Tulinov G.F., Cheremisin A.A., Novikov P.V., Nikolashkin S.V., Titov S.V., Marichev V.N. Lidarnye nabljudenija stratosfernyh ajerozol'nyh sledov ot Cheljabinskogo meteorita // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2014. V. 27, N 2. P. 117–122.
16. Klekociuk A.R., Brown P.G., Pack D.W., ReVelle D.O., Edwards W.N., Spalding R.E., Tagliaferri E., Yoo B.B., Zagari J. Meteoritic dust from the atmospheric disintegration of a large meteoroid // Nature (Gr. Brit.). 2005. V. 436, N 7054. P. 1132–1135.
17. Neely R.R., III, English J.M., Toon O.B., Solomon S., Mills M., Thayer J.P. Implications of extinction due to meteoritic smoke in the upper stratosphere // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2011. V. 38. L24808. DOI: 10.1029/2011GL049865.
18. Hocking W., Fuller B., Vandepeer B. Real-time determination of meteor-related parameters utilizing modern digital technology // J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 2001. V. 63, N 2. P. 155–169.
19. D'jachenko V.A., Lysenko I.A., Portnjagin Ju.I. Klimaticheskij rezhim vetra nizhnej termosfery. Obninsk: VNIIGMI-MCD, 1986. 114 p.
20. McKinley D.W.R. Meteor science and engineering. USA. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1961. 301 p.
21. Babadzhanov P.B. Meteory i ih nabljudenie. M.: Nauka, 1987. 175 p.
22. Kalashnikova O., Horanyi M., Thomas G.E., Toon O.B. Meteoric smoke production in the atmosphere // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2000. V. 27, N 20. P. 3293–3296.
23. Dorschner J., Begemann B., Henning Th., Jäger C., Mutschke H. Steps toward interstellar silicate mineralogy. II. Study of Mg–Fe-silicate glasses of variable composition // Astron. Astrophys. 1995. V. 300, N 8. P. 503–520.
24. Saunders R.W., Plane J.M.C. A laboratory study of meteor smoke analogues: composition, optical properties and growth kinetics // J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 2006. V. 68, N 18. P. 2182–2202.
25. Saunders R.W., Plane J.M.C. A photo-chemical method for the production of olivine nanoparticles as cosmic dust analogues // Icarus. 2011. V. 212, N 1. P. 373–382.
26. Liu L., Mishchenko M.I., Arnott W.P. A study of radiative properties of fractal soot aggregates using the superposition T-matrix method // J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 2008. V. 109, N 15. P. 2656–2663.
27. Cheremisin A.A., Vassilyev Yu.V., Horvath H. Gravito-photophoresis and aerosol stratification in the atmosphere // Aerosol Sci. 2005. V. 36, N 11. P. 1277–1299.
28. Beresnev S.A., Grjazin V.I. Vertikal'nyj vetrovoj perenos ajerozolej v stratosfere // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2007. V. 20, N 6, P. 537–543.
29. Gryazin V.I., Beresnev S.A. Influence of vertical wind on stratospheric aerosol transport // Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 2011. V. 110. P. 151–162. DOI: 10.1007/s00703-010-0114-8.

Back