Vol. 26, issue 09, article # 9

Arshinov M.Yu., Afonin S.V., Belan B.D., Belov V.V., Gridnev Yu.V., Davydov D.K., Machida Toshinobu., Nedelec Ph., Paris J.-D.., Fofonov A.V. Comparison of satellite and aircraft measurements of gas composition in troposphere above the South of West Siberia. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2013. V. 26. No. 09. P. 773-782 [in Russian].
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Abstract:

A comparison of the vertical profiles concentrations of O3, CO, CO2, and CH4 measured with the help of flying laboratory Tu-134 "Optic" (SML) and recovered according to the instrument IASI satellite MetOP is performed. The comparison showed that the absolute difference between the concentration of ozone SML - IASI may vary from 3 to 18 ppb, at a height of 0.5 km and from -8 to -38 ppb 7 km. The relative differences are in the range of 8-30% at 0.5 km and 12-88% at 7 km. For profiles of CO an absolute difference between the concentration of CO SML - IASI can vary from 32 to 103 ppb at an altitude of 0.5 km and from -18 to 23 ppb at 3 km. The relative difference are in the range -4-48% at 0.5 km and -8-20% at 7 km. Maximum difference of methane profiles in the boundary layer reaches 150 ppb, and the minimal one -10 ppb. The average relative difference varies from +2.8 to -0.5%. Maximal and minimal profiles for all flights are in range from 7.8 to 1.2%. Minimum, from -0.4 to -3.4%. The average difference between SML - IASI is in the range ±1.5 ppm, while the individual profiles are not comparable. The maximum and minimum differences for all flights are high, namely, in the atmospheric boundary layer 10 and -12 ppm, respectively. The maximum and minimum relative deviations for all flights are +2.3 and -3.3% in the boundary layer, respectively. Above the boundary layer relative deviations are reduced to ±1.0%.

Keywords:

atmosphere, gas, sensing

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