Vol. 20, issue 12, article # 2

Perevalova N.P., Afraimovich E.L., Voeykov S.V., Zhivet'ev I.V. Influence of the Earth's diurnal rotation on distribution of large-scale disturbances in the upper atmosphere. // Atmospheric and oceanic optics. 2007. V. 20. No. 12. P. 966-970.
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Abstract:

Total Electron Content (TEC) data of the international GPS network were used to study the relation between dynamic parameters of a large-scale TEC disturbance and the motion of ionization caused by the Earth's diurnal rotation. The TEC disturbance generated in the Northern Hemisphere during the strong magnetic storm on October 29, 2003 has been examined. It was characterized as a large-scale wave of a solitary type with the annular front shape, whose apparent center was located near the geomagnetic pole. The velocity and distribution direction of the disturbance had a pronounced longitudinal dependence.

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