Vol. 19, issue 07, article # 1

Kondratyev K.Ya. Aerosol and climate studies: current state and prospects. 3. Aerosol radiative forcing. // Atmospheric and oceanic optics. 2006. V. 19. No. 07. P. 505-513.
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Results of recent estimates of direct and indirect (via changes of cloud albedo and precipitation rate due to aerosol effect on cloud microstructure) aerosol radiative forcing (ARF) are discussed. It is demonstrated that these estimates are difficult to make because of the diversity of aerosol types and its strong spatiotemporal variations. The ARF predictability within global climate models is analyzed, and prospects of further studies are considered.