Vol. 31, issue 08, article # 11

Belan B.D., Savkin D.E., Tolmachev G.N. Study of the relationship between snow cover and ozone concentration in the surface air layer. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2018. V. 31. No. 08. P. 665–669 [in Russian].
Copy the reference to clipboard
Abstract:

The relationship between snow cover and surface ozone concentration is studied on the basis of measurements near Tomsk in 1990–2017. Four types of the seasonal ozone variations are revealed: (1) concentration growth which ends with a spring maximum (53.9% of cases); (2) slow growth and a surge in the concentration after the snow cover melting (19.2%); (3) neutral behavior during the snow cover period and a sharp surge in the concentration after the snow cover melting (15.4%); and (4) neutral behavior without spring maximum (11.5%). Thus, at the end of the snow cover period, the spring maximum of ozone concentration is observed in 88.5% of cases. Differences in the seasonal variations in different years are explained by the temperature dependence of photochemical ozone generation in the atmosphere.

Keywords:

atmosphere, spring maximum, air, gases-precursors, concentration change, ozone, snow cover, temperature

References:

    1.    Lunin V.V., Popovich M.P., Tkachenko S.N. Fizicheskaya himiya ozona. M.: MGU, 1998. 480 p.
   2. Razumovskij S.V., Zajkov G.E. Ozon i ego reaktsii s organicheskimi soedineniyami (kinetika i mekhanika). M.: Nauka, 1974. 322 p.
   3. Zlatev Z. Impact of future climatic changes on high ozone levels in European suburban areas // Clim. Change. 2010. V. 101, N 3–4. P. 447–483.
   4. Isaksen I.S.A., Berntsen T.K., Dalsøren S.B., Eleftheratos K., Orsolini Y., Rognerud B., Stordal F., Søvde O.A., Zerefos C., Holmes C.D. Atmospheric ozone and methane in a changing climate // Atmosphere. 2014. V. 5, N 3. P. 518–535.
   5. Barnes E.A., Fiore A.M., Horowitz L.W. Detection of trends in surface ozone in the presence of climate variability // J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 2016. V. 121, N 10. P. 6112–6129.
   6. Melkonyan A., Wagner P. Ozone and its projection in regard to climate change // Atmos. Environ. 2013. V. 67. P. 287–295.
   7. Coates J., Mar K.A., Ojha N., Butler T.M. The influence of temperature on ozone production under varying NOx conditions – a modelling study // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2016. V. 16, N 18. P. 11601–11615.
   8. Pehnec G., Jakovljevi I., Sisovic A., Beslic I., Vadic V. Influence of ozone and meteorological parameters on levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air // Atmos. Environ. 2016. V. 131. P. 263–268.
   9. Kavassalis S.C., Murphy J.G. Understanding ozone-meteorology correlations: A role for dry deposition // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2017. V. 44, N 6. P. 2922–2931.
10. Belan B.D., Savkin D.E., Tolmachev G.N. Zavisimost' obrazovaniya ozona v prizemnom sloe ot temperatury vozduha // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2017. V. 30, N 11. P. 971–979; Belan B.D., Savkin D.E., Tolmachev G.N. Air-temperature dependence of the ozone generation rate in the surface air layer // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2018. V. 31, N 2. P. 187–196.
11. Tereb N.V., Milekhin L.I., Milekhin V.L., Gnilomedov V.D., Nechaev D.R., Kulizhnikova L.K., Shirotov V.V. Soderzhanie prizemnogo ozona v usloviyah anomal'nogo leta 2010 year po izmereniyam v g. Obninsk // Meteorol. i gidrol. 2013. N 5. P. 14–25.
12. Lou S., Liao H., Zhu B. Impacts of aerosols on surface-layer ozone concentrations in China through heterogeneous reactions and changes in photolysis rates // Atmos. Environ. 2014. V. 85. P. 123–138.
13. Jia L., Xu Y. Ozone and secondary organic aerosol formation from Ethylene-NOx-NaCl irradiations under different relative humidity conditions // J. Atmos. Chem. 2016. V. 73. N 1. P. 81–100.
14. Bonasoni P., Cristofanelli P., Calzolari F., Bonafe U., Evangelisti F., Stohl A., Zauli Sajani S., van Dingenen R., Colombo T., Balkanski Y. Aerosol-ozone correlation during dust transport episodes // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2004. V. 4, N 5. P. 1201–1215.
15. Aref'ev V.N., Kashin F.V., Milekhin L.I., Milekhin V.L., Tereb N.V., Upenek L.B. Kontsentratsiya prizemnogo ozona v Obninske v 2004–2010 years. // Izv. RAN. Fiz. atmosf. i okeana. 2013. V. 49, N 1. P. 74–84.
16. Hoffman S., Sulkowski W., Krzyzanowski K. Sunchine effect on the ozone level in lower layers of the troposphere // Pol. Acad. Ski. 1993. N 42. P. 117–124.
17. Belan B.D., Sklyadneva T.K. Izmenenie kontsentratsii troposfernogo ozona v zavisimosti ot intensivnosti solnechnoj radiatsii // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 1999. V. 12, N 8. P. 725–729.
18. Helmig D., Ganzeveld L., Butler T., Oltmans S.J. The role of ozone atmosphere-snow gas exchange on polar, boundary-layer tropospheric ozone – a review and sensitivity analysis // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2007. V. 7, N 1. P. 15–30.
19. Rappenglück B., Ackermann L., Alvarez S., Golovko J., Buhr M., Field R.A., Soltis J., Montague D.С., Hauze B., Adamson S., Risch D., Wilkerson G., Bush D., Stoeckenius T., Keslar C. Strong wintertime ozone events in the Upper Green River basin, Wyoming // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2014. V. 14, N 10. P. 4909–4934.
20. Van Dam B., Helmig D., Toro C., Doskey P., Kramer L., Murray K., Ganzeveld L., Seok B. Dynamics of ozone and nitrogen oxides at Summit, Greenland: I. Multi-year observations in the snowpack // Atmos. Environ. 2015. V. 123. P. 268–284.
21. Wu Z., Staebler R., Vet R., Zhang L. Dry deposition of O3 and SO2 estimated from gradient measurements above a temperate mixed forest // Environ. Pollut. 2016. V. 210. P. 202–210.
22. Lyudchik A.M., Pokatashkin V.I., Girgzhdene R. O svyazi vremeni tayaniya snezhnogo pokrova s poyavleniem vesennego maksimuma ozona // Tr. soveshchaniya-seminara «Problema monitoringa prizemnogo (troposfernogo) ozona i nejtralizatsiya ego vliyaniya». M.: IOF RAN, 2013. P. 87–91.
23. Belan B.D. Ozon v troposfere. Tomsk: Izd-vo IOA SO RAN, 2010. 488 p.
24. Helmig D., Boylan P., Johnson B., Oltmans S., Fairall C., Staebler R., Weinheimer A., Orlando J., Knapp D.J., Montzka D.D., Flocke F., Frieß U., Sihler H., Shepson P.B. Ozone dynamics and snow-atmosphere exchanges during ozone depletion events at Barrow, Alaska // J. Geophys. Res. 2012. V. 117. P. D20303. DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017531.
25. Seabrook J., Whiteway J. Influence of mountains on Arctic tropospheric ozone // J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos. 2016. V. 121, N 4. P. 1935–1942.
26. Belan B.D Troposfernyj ozon. 5. Gazy – predshestvenniki ozona // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2009. V. 22, N 3. P. 230–268.
27. Collins W.J., Sitch S., Boucher O. How vegetation impacts affect climate metrics for ozone precursors // J. Geophys. Res. 2010. V. 115. P. D23308. DOI:10.1029/2010JD014187.
28. Sadiq M., Tai A.P.K., Lombardozzi D., Martin M.V. Effects of ozone–vegetation coupling on surface ozone air quality via biogeochemical and meteorological feedbacks // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2017. V. 17, N 4. P. 3055–3066.
29. Isidorov V.A. Letuchie vydeleniya rastenij: sostav, skorost' emissii i ekologicheskaya rol'. SPb.: Alga, 1994. 188 p.
30. Curci G., Beekmann M., Vautard R., Smiatek G., Steinbrecher R., Theloke J., Friedrich R. Modelling study of the impact of isoprene and terpene biogenic emissions on European ozone levels // Atmos. Environ. 2009. V. 43, N 7. P. 1444–1455.
31. Feister U., Warmbt W. Long-term surface ozone increase at Arcona // Proc. of Quadrennial Ozone Symposium. Greece. 1980. P. 782–787.
32. Volz A., Kley D. Evaluation of the Montsouris series of ozone measurements made in the nineteenth century // Nature. 1988. V. 332, N 6161. P. 240–242.
33. Cartalis C., Varotsos C. Surface ozone in Athens, Greece, at the beginning and at the end of the twentieth century // Atmosp. Environ. 1994. V. 28, N 1. P. 3–8.
34. Monks P.S. A review of the observations and origins of the spring ozone maximum // Atmos. Environ. 2000. V. 34, N 21. P. 3545–3561.
35. Kalabokas P., Hjorth J., Foret G., Dufour G., Eremenko M., Siour G., Cuesta J., Beekmann M. An investigation on the origin of regional springtime ozone episodes in the western Mediterranean // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2017. V. 17, N 6. P. 3905–3928.
36. Vorob'ev V.I. Sinopticheskaya meteorologiya. L.: Gidrometeoizdat, 1991. 616 p.
37. Arshinova V.G., Belan B.D., Rasskazchikova T.M., Rogov A.N., Tolmachev G.N. Izmenenie kontsentratsii ozona v prizemnom sloe vozduha pri prohozhdenii atmosfernyh frontov // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 1995. V. 8, N 4. P. 625–631.
38. Zapletal M., Cudlín P., Chroust P., Urban O., Pokorný R., Edwards-Jonásová M., Czerný R., Janou D., Taufarová K., Vecera Z., Mikuska P., Paoletti E. Ozone flux over a Norway spruce forest and correlation with net ecosystem production // Environ. Pollut. 2011. V. 159, N 5. P. 1024–1034.
39. Fares S., Savi F., Muller J., Matteucci G., Paoletti E. Simultaneous measurements of above and below canopy ozone fluxes help partitioning ozone deposition between its various sinks in a Mediterranean Oak Forest // Agric. For. Meteorol. 2014. V. 198–199. P. 181–191.
40. Wu Z.Y., Zhang L., Wang X.M., Munger J.W. A modified micrometeorological gradient method for estimating O3 dry depositions over a forest canopy // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2015. V. 15, N 13. P. 7487–7496.
41. Franz M., Simpson D., Arneth A., Zaehle S. Development and evaluation of an ozone deposition scheme for coupling to a terrestrial biosphere model // Biogeosciences. 2017. V. 14, N 1. P. 45–71.
 

Back