Vol. 30, issue 10, article # 4

Zhuravleva T.B., Panchenko M.V., Kozlov V.S., Nasrtdinov I.M., Pol'kin V.V., Terpugova S.A., Chernov D.G. Model estimates of the dynamics of solar radiation absorption vertical structure and temperature effects under background conditions and in extreme smoke haze from data of airborne observations. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2017. V. 30. No. 10. P. 834–839 [in Russian].
Copy the reference to clipboard
Abstract:

Quantitative estimates of the distribution of absorbed solar radiation and temperature effects in the background atmosphere and under conditions of extreme smoke haze in Siberia from empirical data and numerical modeling are presented. Vertical profiles of the aerosol characteristics are formed on the basis of an empirical model constructed from the results of airborne sounding of the angular scattering coefficient and the concentration of absorbing substance at different altitudes. It is shown that under smoke haze conditions the radiative effect of aerosol particles with a high soot content on the daily influx of solar radiation in the central part of the smoke layer exceeds 50%. The change in air temperature due to the absorption of solar radiation during the daylight time is approximately 2.5–5.5 K at variations in the smoke aerosol optical thickness in the range 2≤ τsmoke(0.55 μm) ≤ 4.

Keywords:

aerosol empirical model, background conditions, smoke haze, numerical simulation, daily absorption of solar radiation, thermal effects

References:

  1. Hansen J., Sato M., Ruedy R. Radiative forcing and climate response // J. Geophys. Res. D. 1997. V. 102, N 6. P. 6831–6864.
  2. Ackerman A.S., Toon O.B., Stevens D.E., Heymsfield A.J., Ramanathan V., Welton E.J. Reduction of tropical cloudiness by soot // Science. 2000. V. 288. P. 1042–1047.
  3. Ramanathan V., Carmichael G. Global and regional climate changes due to black carbon // Nat. Geosci. 2008. V. 1. P. 221–227.
  4. Bond T.C., Doherty S.J., Fahey D.W., Forster P.M., Berntsen T., DeAngelo B.J., Flanner M.G., Ghan S., Karcher B., Koch D., Kinne S., Kondo Y., Quinn P.K., Sarofim M.C., Schultz M.G., Schulz M., Venkataraman C., Zhang H., Zhang S., Bellouin N., Guttikun-da S.K., Hopke P.K., Jacobson M.Z., Kaiser J.W., Klimont Z., Lohmann U., Schwarz J.P., Shindell D., Storelvmo T., Warren S.G., Zender C.S. Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system? A scientific assessment // J. Geophys. Res. 2013. V. 118, N 11. P. 5380–5552.
  5. Tripathi S.N., Srivastava A.K., Dey S., Satheesh S.K., Krishnamoorthy K. The vertical profile of atmospheric heating rate of black carbon aerosols at Kanpur in Northern India // Atmos.  Environ. 2007. V. 41, N 32. P. 6909–6915.
  6. Ramachandran S., Kedia S. Black carbon aerosols over an urban region: Radiative forcing and climate impact // J. Geophys. Res. 2010. V. 115. P. D10202. DOI: 10.1029/2009JD013560.
  7. Safai P.D., Raju M.P., Maheshkumar R.S., Kulkar-ni J.R., Rao P.S.P., Devara P.C.S. Vertical profiles of black carbon aerosols over the urban locations in South India // Sci. Total Environ. 2012. V. 431. P. 323–331.
  8. Ramana M.V., Ramanathan V., Feng Y., Yoon S.-C., Warming influenced by the ratio of black carbon to sulphate and the black-carbon source // Nat. Geosci. 2010. V. 3. P. 542–545.
  9. Schwarz J.P., Stark H., Spackman J.R., Ryerson T.B., Peischl J., Swartz W.H., Gao R.S., Watts L.A., Fa-hey D.W. Heating rates and surface dimming due to black carbon aerosol absorption associated with a major U.S. city // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2009. V. 36, P. L15807.
  10. Davidi A., Koren I., Remer L. Direct measurements of the effect of biomass burning over the Amazon on the atmospheric temperature profile // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2009. V. 9, N 21. P. 8211–8221.
  11. Stone R.S., Anderson G.P., Shettle E.P., Andrews E., Radiative impact of boreal smoke in the Arctic: Observed and modeled // J. Geophys. Res. 2008. V. 113. P. D14S16.
  12. Corrigan C.E., Roberts G.C., Ramana M.V., Kim D., Ramanathan V. Capturing vertical profiles of aerosols and black carbon over the Indian Ocean using autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2008. V. 8, N 3. P. 737–747.
  13. Ramana M.V., Ramanathan V., Kim D., Roberts G.C. Corrigan C.E. Albedo, atmospheric solar absorption and heating rate measurements with stacked UAVs // Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 2007. V. 133. P. 1913–1931.
  14. Magi B.I. Optical properties and radiative forcing of Southern African biomass burning aerosol: PhD dissertation. University of Washington, USA. 2006. 180 p. 
  15. Panchenko M.V., Kozlov V.S., Pol'kin V.V., Terpugova S.A., Tumakov A.G., Shmargunov V.P. Vosstanovlenie opticheskih harakteristik troposfernogo ajerozolja Zapadnoj Sibiri na osnove obobshhennoj jempiricheskoj modeli, uchityvajushhej pogloshhajushhie i gigroskopicheskie svojstva chastic // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2012. V. 25, N 1. P. 46–54.
  16. Panchenko M.V., Zhuravleva T.B., Terpugova S.A., Pol’kin V.V., Kozlov V.S. An empirical model of optical and radiative characteristics of the tropospheric aerosol over West Siberia in summer // Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2012. V. 5, N 7. P. 1513–1527.
  17. Panchenko M.V., Zhuravleva T.B., Kozlov V.S., Nasrtdinov I.M., Pol'kin V.V., Terpugova S.A., Chernov D.G. Ocenka radiacionnyh jeffektov ajerozolja v fonovyh i zadymlennyh uslovijah atmosfery Sibiri na osnove jempiricheskih dannyh // Meteorol. i gidrol. 2016. N 2. P. 45–54.
  18. ZhuravlevaT.B., Kabanov D.M., Nasrtdinov I.M., Russkova T.V., Sakerin S.M., Smirnov A., Holben B.N. Radiative characteristics of aerosol during extreme fire event over Siberia in summer 2012 //Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2017. V. 10, N 1. P. 179–198.
  19. Hess M., Koepke P., Schult I. Optical properties of aerosols and clouds: The software package OPAC // Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 1998. V. 79, N 5. P. 831–844.
  20. Sayer A.M., Hsu N.C., Eck T.F., Smirnov A., Holben B.N. AERONET-based models of smoke-dominated aerosol near source regions and transported over oceans, and implications for satellite retrievals of aerosol optical depth // Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2014. V. 14, N 20. P. 11493–11523.
  21. Dubovik O.T., King M. A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2000. V. 105, N 16. P. 20673–20696.
  22. Zhuravleva T.B., Kabanov D.M., Sakerin S.M., Firsov K.M. Modelirovanie prjamogo radiacionnogo forsinga dlja tipichnyh letnih uslovij Sibiri. Part 1: Metod rascheta i vybor vhodnyh parametrov // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2009. V. 22, N 2. P. 163–172; Zhuravleva T.B., Kabanov A.M., Sakerin S.M., Firsov K.M. Simulation of aerosol direct radiative forcing under typical summer conditions of Siberia. Part 1. Method of calculation and choice of input parameters // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2009. V. 22, N 1. P. 63–73.
  23. Chesnokova T.Ju., Zhuravleva T.B., Voronina Ju.V., Skljadneva T.K., Lomakina N.Ja., Chencov A.V. Modelirovanie potokov solnechnogo izluchenija s ispol'zovaniem vysotnyh profilej koncentracii vodjanogo para, harakternyh dlja uslovij Zapadnoj Sibiri // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2011. V. 24, N 11. P. 969–975; Chesnokova T.Yu., Zhuravleva T.B., Voronina Yu.V., Sklyadneva T.K., Lomakina N.Ya., Chentsov A.V. Simulation of solar radiative fluxes using altitude profiles of water vapor concentration, characteristic for conditions of Western Siberia // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2012. V. 25, N 2. P. 147–153.
  24. Anderson G., Clough S., Kneizys F., Chetwynd J., Shettle E. AFGL Atmospheric Constituent Profiles (0–120 km). AFGL-TR-86-0110. Environmental Research Papers. N 954. (Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, 1986). 25 p.
  25. Arshinov M.Ju., Belan B.D., Davydov D.K., Inouje G., Maksjutov Sh., Machida T., Fofonov A.V. Vertikal'noe raspredelenie parnikovyh gazov nad Zapadnoj Sibir'ju po dannym mnogoletnih izmerenij // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2009. V. 22, N 5. P. 457–464; Arshinov M.Yu., Belan B.D., Davydov D.K., Inouye G., Maksyutov Sh., Machida T., Fofonov A.V. Vertical distribution of greenhouse gases above Western Siberia by the long-term measurement data // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2009. V. 22, N 3. P. 316–324.
  26. Ku-Nan Liou. Osnovy radiacionnyh processov v atmosfere L.: Gidrometeoizdat. 1984. 376 p.

Back