Vol. 30, issue 03, article # 10

Panarin V.A., Skakun V.S., Sosnin E.A., Tarasenko V.F. Laboratory simulation of blue and red diffuse minijets in air environment. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2017. V. 30. No. 03. P. 243–252 [in Russian].
Copy the reference to clipboard
Abstract:

Air environment pulse-periodic discharge in apokamp mode is studied. It is confirmed that the blue and red diffuse minijets (apokamps) form from the plasma discharge channel under the floating potential. It is shown that at low pressures the apokamps are units–tens of centimeters in size and possess the properties inherent to giant plasma jets (sprites, starters, and blue jets) observed in the Earth's atmosphere at altitudes of 17–100 km. Morphological, spectral, and electrophysical parameters of apokamps in various conditions are ascertained. It is found that plasma minijets are easier implementable at the positive polarity of the discharge channel. A gradual change in the color of diffuse jets with a decrease in the air pressure is demonstrated.

Keywords:

transient luminous events, sprites, starters, blue jets, experimental simulation, apokamp

References:

  1. Skakun V.S., Panarin V.A., Pechenicin D.S., Sosnin Je.A., Tarasenko V.F. Formirovanie apokampicheskogo razrjada v uslovijah atmosfernogo davlenija // Izv. vuzov. Fiz. 2016. V. 59, N 5. P. 92–95.
  2. Sosnin Je.A., Skakun V.S., Panarin V.A., Pechenicin D.S., Tarasenko V.F., Baksht E.H. Fenomen apokampicheskogo razrjada // Pis'ma v ZhJeTF. 2016. V. 103, N 12. P. 857–860.
  3. Shao T., Zhang C., Wang R., Zhou Y., Xie Q., Fang Z. Comparison of atmospheric-pressure He and Ar plasma jets driven by microsecond pulses // IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 2015. V. 43, N 3. P. 726–732.
  4. Lacoste D.A., Bourdon A., Kuribara K., Urabe K., Stauss S., Terashima K. Pure air–plasma bullets propagating inside microcapillaries and in ambient air // Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 2014. V. 23, N 6. Р. 062006.
  5. Sosnin E.A., Panarin V.A., Skakun V.S., Tarasenko V.F., Pechenitsin D.S., Kuznetsov V.S. Source of an atmospheric-pressure plasma jet formed in air or nitrogen under barrier discharge excitation // Tech. Phys. 2016. V. 61, N 5. P. 789–792.
  6. Li X., Naidis G.V., Laroussi M., Reuter S., Graves D.B., Ostrikov K. Reactive species in non-equilibrium atmospheric-pressure plasmas: Generation, transport, and biological effects // Phys. Rep. 2016. V. 630, N 5. P. 1–84.
  7. Sosnin Je.A., Panarin V.A., Skakun V.S., Tarasenko V.F. Modelirovanie golubyh struj i sprajtov s pomoshh'ju apokampa, formiruemogo pri ponizhennyh davlenijah vozduha // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2016. V. 29, N 10. P. 855–858.
  8. Pasko V.P. Blue jets and gigantic jets: Transient luminous events between thunderstorm tops and the lower ionosphere // Plasma Phys. Controled Fusion. 2008. V. 50, N 12. P. 4050.
  9. Wescott E.M., Sentman D.D., Heavner M.J., Hampton D.L., Osborne D.L., Vaughan O.H.Jr. Blue starters: Brief upward discharges from an intense Arkansas thunderstorm // Geophys. Res. Lett. 1996. V. 23, N 16. P. 2153–2156.
  10. Wescott E.M., Sentman D., Osborne D., Hampton D., Heavner M. Preliminary results from the Sprites94 aircraft campaign: II. Blue jets // Geophys. Res. Lett. 1995. V. 22, N 10. P. 1209–1212.
  11. Pasko V.P., Yair Y., Kuo C.-L. Lightning related transient luminous events at high altitude in the Earth's atmosphere: Phenomenology, mechanisms and effects // Space Sci. Rev. 2012. V. 168, N 1–4. P. 475–516.
  12. Singh D., Singh R.P., Kumar S., Dharmaraj T., Singh A.K., Singh A.K., Patil M.N., Singh S. Lightning and middle atmospheric discharges in the atmosphere // J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 2015. V. 134, N 10. P. 78–101.
  13. Pasko V.P., George J.J. Three-dimensional modeling of blue jets and blue starters // J. Geophys. Res. 2002. V. 107, N A12. Р. 1458.
  14. Blanc E. Space observations of Transient Luminous Events and associated emissions in the upper atmosphere above thunderstorm areas // C. R. Geosci. 2010. V. 342, N 4–5. P. 312–322.
  15. Gurevich A.V., Karashtin A.N., Rjabov V.A., Chubenko A.P., Shhepetov A.L. Nelinejnye javlenija v ionosfernoj plazme. Vlijanie kosmicheskih luchej i proboja na ubegajushhih jelektronah na grozovye razrjady // Uspehi fiz. nauk. 2009. V. 179, iss. 7. P. 779–790.
  16. Pasko V.P., Qin J., Celestin S. Toward better understanding of sprite streamers: Initiation, morphology, and polarity asymmetry // Surv. Geophys. 2013. V. 34, N 6. P. 797–830.
  17. Raizer Y.P., Milikh G.M., Shneider M.N. Streamer- and leader-like processes in the upper atmosphere: Models of red sprites and blue jets // J. Geophys. Res.: Space Phys. 2010. V. 115. P. A00E42.
  18. Bazeljan Je.M., Rajzer Ju.P. Fizika molnii i molniezashhity. M.: Fizmatlit, 2001. 320 p.
  19. Rakov V.A., Uman M.A. Lightning: Physics and effects. UK. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 687 p.
  20. March V., Montanyà J. Influence of the voltage-time derivative in X-ray emission from laboratory sparks // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2010. V. 37, N 10. Р. L19801.
  21. Egorov A.I., Stepanov S.I., Shabanov G.D. Demonstracija sharovoj molnii v laboratorii // Uspehi fiz. nauk. 2004. V. 174, iss. 1. P. 107–109.
  22. Robledo-Martinez A., Palacios G., Vera A., Sobral H.M. Modelling sprites and blue jets in the lab through the discharge of a dielectric // 31st ICPIG. Granada, 2013. PS2-001.
  23. Generacija ubegajushhih jelektronov i rentgenovskogo izluchenija v razrjadah povyshennogo davlenija / Pod red. V.F. Tarasenko. Tomsk: STT, 2015. 568 p.
  24. Wang D., Jikuya M., Yoshida S., Katsuki S., Akiyama H. Positive- and negative-pulsed streamer discharges generated by a 100-ns pulsed-power in atmospheric air // IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 2007. V. 35, N 4. P. 1098–1103.
  25. Kozyrev A.V., Tarasenko V.F., Baksht E.H., Shut'ko Ju.V. Generacija mjagkogo rentgenovskogo izluchenija i ego rol' v razvitii proboja vozdushnogo promezhutka pri povyshennyh davlenijah // Pis'ma v ZhTF. 2011. V. 37, iss. 22. P. 26–33.
  26. Kozyrev A.V., Kozhevnikov V.Ju., Kostyrja I.D., Rybka D.V., Tarasenko V.F., Shitc D.V. Izluchenie diffuznogo koronnogo razrjada v vozduhe atmosfernogo davlenija // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2011. V. 24, N 11. P. 1009–1017; Kоzyrev А.V., Kоzhеvnikov V.Yu., Kоstyrya I.D., Rybkа D.V., Таrаsеnkо V.F., Schitz D.V. Radiation from a diffuse corona discharge in atmospheric pressure air // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2012. V. 25, N 2. P. 176–184.
  27. Tarasenko V.F., Beloplotov D.V., Lomaev M.I. Dinamika ionizirovannyh processov v azote, vozduhe i SF6 vysokogo davlenija pri subnanosekundnom proboe, iniciiruemom ubegajushhimi jelektronami // Fiz. plazmy. 2015. V. 41, N 10. P. 902–917.
  28. Dwyer J.R., Saleh Z., Rassoul H.K., Concha D., Rahman M., Cooray V., Jerauld J., Uman M.A., Rakov V.A. A study of X-ray emission from laboratory sparks in air at atmospheric pressure // J. Geophys. Res. D. 2008. V. 113, iss.  23. P. D23207.
  29. Nguyen C.V., van Deursen A.P.J., Elbert U.M. Multiple X-ray bursts from long discharges in air // J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 2008. V. 41, N 23. Р. 234012.
  30. Rybka D.V., Andronikov I.V., Evtushenko G.S., Kozyrev A.V., Kozhevnikov V.Ju., Kostyrja I.D., Tarasenko V.F., Trigub M.V., Shut'ko Ju.V. Koronnyj razrjad v vozduhe atmosfernogo davlenija pri modulirovannom impul'se naprjazhenija dlitel'nost'ju 10 ms // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2013. V. 26, N 1. P. 85–90; Rybkа D.V., Аndrоnikov I.V., Еvtushenkо G.S., KоzyrеА.V., Kоzhevnikоv V.Yu., Kоstyrya I.D., Таrаsеnkо V.F., Тrigub М.V., Shut’kо Yu.V. Corona discharge in atmospheric pressure air under a modulated voltage pulse of 10 ms // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2013. V. 26, N 5. P. 449–454.

Back