Vol. 17, issue 02-03, article # 34pdf Sorokin A.R. Problems of open discharge: Notes to publications. // Atmospheric and oceanic optics. 2004. V. 17. No. 02-03. P. 235-244.
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The discussion concerning the mechanism of open discharge is summarized. Basic arguments in favor and against the photoelectron nature of the open discharge, including those not published yet, are analyzed. Simple and consistent estimates of the photoelectron contribution to the efficiency of electron beam formation in the open discharge are presented for the first time. It is proved that the open discharge is a sort of the glow discharge.